What is Diabetes

Author: Dr.G L Dhayal | Diabetology | Jaipur No comments

What is Diabetes

Diabetes describes as a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar),
either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells donot respond properly to insulin, or both.

Symptoms of Diabetes

The most common symptoms are related to hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels), especially the most common symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination and thirst.

A condition known as prediabetes that often leads to type 2 diabetes also produces no symptoms. Type 2 diabetes and its symptoms develop slowly.

Type 1 diabetes can go unnoticed but is less likely to do so. Some of its symptoms listed below can come on abruptly and be accompanied by nausea, vomiting or stomach pains.

A high blood sugar level can cause severalsymptoms, including:

Blurry vision

Excess thirst


Frequent urination


Weight loss

Diet chart for Diabetes

EarlyMorning – Warm Water with Lemon Juice or Green Tea without Sugar or black Coffee with Digestive biscuits

Breakfast – Porridge (1cup) or Brown Bread (2 Slices) or Ghee less Parathas with curd

Snack – Vegetable salad or unsalted Nuts or Boils Vegetables

Lunch – A small bowl of rice with vegetable and sambhar or 2 Small Chapattis

Evening Snack – Baked snacks or Fruits or Puffed Rice snack

Dinner – Chapattis with vegetables or Soup or 2 Small Chapattis with vegetables curry

Before bad – Glass of warm Milk without sugars.


  1. Eat three, properly balanced meals in a day. If possible have six, small meals in a day with three big and three small meals.
  2. While planning your meals ensure that there is food from each food group and keep the portion sizes limited.
  3. Take more of fibre foods such as wholegrain cereals and breads. Eat lots of green leafy vegetables and whole fruits
  4. Try to be as active and fit as possible by exercising regularly
  5. Follow a weight loss program with your doctor and try to lose weight gradually and steadily
  6. Diet rich in pulses should be preferred as they give the body the essential proteins required for cell and tissue generation and also help in the healthy working of the cells in the body


  1.      Eat small portions of sugar-loaded foods only twice a week like cakes, desserts, sweets etc.
  2.      Avoid beverages such as soft drinks or canned fruit juices.
  3.      Avoid table sugar as much as you can. Avoid honey, sugar-based syrups and molasses too.
  4.      Diabetic patients should not skip meals as this causes fluctuation in their sugar levels
  5.      Try to avoid fried food and increase intake of steamed, boiled, or grilled food
  6.      Diabetic people should limit alcohol intake as it is loaded with sugar
  7.      Diabetic people should also avoid red meat and egg yolk

You can search and find best diabetic doctor near by you.

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